Socio-economic impacts of a local bioenergy-based development strategy – The case of Pielinen Karelia, Finland
Olli Lehtonen & Lasse Okkonen
ARTICLE in RENEWABLE ENERGY 85:610-619 · JANUARY 2016
Full-text link until Sept 5th: http://authors.elsevier.com/a/1RNgF3QJ-dM2AY
The regional bioeconomy has great importance for generating socio-economic impacts, especially in sparsely populated resource peripheries. The benefits include increased employment and income and improved security of supply. In this study, the modified regional input–output model of North Karelia, Finland is applied for analysing the socio-economic impacts of a bioenergy-based local development strategy. The results indicate significant socio-economic benefits of a local development strategy based on bioenergy. This benefit is corroborated by approximately 12 million euros in annual income impacts and 280 personnel working years in the district. New stimuli in a currently declining municipality could potentially break negative path dependency. New bioenergy and bioeconomic developments are promising solutions for the construction of place-based regional development in resource peripheries.
Socio-economic impacts of community wind power projects in Northern ScotlandLasse Okkonen & Olli Lehtonen
ARTICLE in RENEWABLE ENERGY 85:826-833 · JANUARY 2016
Full text link until Sept 12th: http://authors.elsevier.com/a/1RQ003QJ-dM2Gp
The production renewable energy is a promising sector for social enterprises located in the remote northern communities of Scotland. Community wind power offers a way to generate resources to be reinvested in local development purposes, such as community businesses, social services and infrastructure and communications. In this study, a regional input output modelling is applied to the analysis of the socio-economic impacts of 11 wind farms of community-based social enterprises located in the Outer Hebrides, Shetland and Orkney (Figure 1). The results show significant socio-economic benefits of re-investing revenues for social purposes. For instance, strategic re-investments of revenues in local social services generate about tenfold additional employment and income impact compared with the impact of wind power production. Our socio-economic analyses find that community-based social enterprises are one promising solution for place-based regional development in the European northern periphery.